Nalchik is the administrative center of the republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, one of the regions of Russia. The republic is situated in the European Russia, on the northern slope of the Greater Caucasus. A health resort, it is the gateway to the Mt. Elbrus region.
With a population of 237,100 people, Nalchik is a diversified industrial, tourist and mountaineering centre. Nalchik is located on the Nalchik River in a watershed of the Terek River.
The town of Nalchik was founded in 1817. Prior to it, it was a small settlement. In 1743 a village was founded on the site where the city now stands. Later, in 1822, Nalchik fortress was built. In 1838 it evolved into a military settlement nearby the fortress. In 1921 Nalchik received the status of a town.
Motor, railway and air transport are developing rapidly.
Nalchik airport provides direct flights not only to Moscow and other regions of Russian Federation, but to Turkey, Syria, Jordan and United Arab Emirates as well.