Krasnodar has a population of about 638,000 people and stands on the Kuban River. A river port and railroad junction, it has petroleum refineries and machinery, metalworking, textile, chemical, and food-processing plants.
Distance from Moscow: 1,500 kilometers.
Krasnodar was founded in 1794 by Zaporozhye (Black Sea) Cossacks following the order of Catherine II. The settlement was organized as their administrative center and called Yekaterinodar (Catherine’s gift).
It served as a military center protecting Russia’s Caucasian frontier. In 1918 it became the capital of the Kuban-Black Sea Soviet Republic and was renamed Krasnodar (Reds’ gift) in 1920.
Now most of the population is concentrated in the Kuban River drainage basin which used to be traditional Cossack land. Kuban Cossacks are generally considered to be ethnic Russians now; notable ethnic groups in the area include Armenians who have been settling here since at least the XVIII century.
Krasnodar is the centre of a highly fertile agricultural region. Agriculture is the most important sector of the city’seconomy. Krasnodar bestrides Russia’s “Black Earth” soil belt, boasting a favourable climate and over 100 different crops, as well as orchards, vineyards, tea plantations, citrus trees, rice, sunflowers, and a developed network of processing, storage, and trade facilities. It remains part of the “breadbasket” of the nation. The region produces 10 percent of grain, 30 percent of fruit, 60 percent of oilseed, and 90 percent of rice grown in Russia.
Multinational companies in the region include Cargill, Nestle, Chevron, Petrak, ConAgra, Monsanto, Tetra-Pak, Danone, Pepsi-Cola, Philip Morris, Troy, Bouyges, Radisson, and the Caspian Pipeline Consortium.
Places To See
The collection of churches, classic buildings and monuments is the main attraction of Krasnodar. There are three beautiful main churches in the center of the city. Monuments can be found in every district. For example, there is the Great Patriotic War (WWII) Monument in a park along Krasnaja str. Furthermore this street offers a nice variety in architecture.
Krasnodar has the historical museum that offers interesting collections of art and local history artifacts. The Krasnodar Regional Art Museum houses the paintings of Malevich, Kandinsky, Exter, Popova and others Russian avant-garde painters. This collection is dated 1920th. Krasnodar has one of the largest art collections in Russia.
There are five large libraries in the city. Just one of them, the Krasnodar Regional Library named in honor of A.S.Pushkin has about 1.5 million books in stock.
Three theatres, including Drama, Musical and Puppet theatres, are at the disposal of dwellers and guests of the city as well as the Philharmonic Theatre, Organ Hall and the Circus.