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Region centers: Moscow

Moscow

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St. Basil's CathedralMoscow city.
First reference of Moscow as a colony in the chronicle of history behaves to time 1147. This year, suppose, is the year of the fund of the city. Founder of Moscow - Yuri Vladimirovitch Dolgorukiy was the prince of Suzdal. His followers in forming of the Moscow state were famous princes and Tsars: Andrey Bogolubskiy, Ivan Kalita, Dmitry Donskoy, Ivan III, Boris Godunov, Mikhail Romanov and others. Since Peter the Great arrived in the cities of throne, and the cities of the Russian state were appointed on areas, headed governors. To 1917 the governors of Moscow sincerely served Moscow and all the Russian state. Muscovites still know such names as: Boyar Streshnev, Count Tchernishov, Prince Volkonskiy, Count Rostopchin, Prince Golitsin. On the whole, it was more than 50 different names.

From a 1917 function of chapter of local authorities were executed the chairmen of executive committees of Moscow Soviet of People’s Deputies. Lately these functions were executed the mayors of the city. Since then almost 9 centuries have passed already. The Moscow city was conquered and collapsed again, but it was successfully recovered over and over. In existent Moscow is one of the biggest cities of the world. The exceptionally favourable arrangement of Moscow gave it the ability to influence on other cities of appearing Russia. From the beginning territorial progress of Moscow was certain a necessity to have reliable protection. Yuriy DolgorukiyThere were permanent threats of encroachment nomadic hordes from South and East and Lithuanian and also by Polish conquerors westerly. During that time such known fortresses of nunnery as Simonov Spaso-andronikov and Novo-devichiy were based near Moscow. After winning in the battle of Kulikovskaya (1380) and ’Ugra position’ (1480), which put an end to a Mongolian Tatar collar which energy of the Moscow state began quickly to grow. In 15th century Moscow surpassed London, Prague and other biggest cities of Europe in the size of its territory and population. Since abolition of serfdom (1861) and during a expansion of capitalism in the norms of Russia of Moscow’ s growth increased, and it became the most advertising and large industrial center. By the end of 19 centuries there were more than 20 thousand business and industrial enterprises. An industrial structure of Moscow was at the mercy of fabric, building, wood working and sectors of food. The age of industrial increase was noted by the energetic advances of foreign capital, penetrable through Russian industry. All electrical engineering and chemical enterprises in the city were under the influence of foreign companies. Industry of engineer of Moscow increased in the deelopment after October successful motion. Moscow of calico yielded to Moscow of engineer and electrical engineering. Saving its very important role in producing goods folk consumption for a country on the whole Moscow became a strong large industrial center. No new industrial enterprises were opened in town during the period of democratic alterations, and it had a positive influence on local ecology. Anymore, many old enterprises now shorten their production or motion out of city limits. In the same time modern buildings (mainly, administrative and offices) continue unexpectedly to arise up. They are built in a special projects, and architecturally are in accordance to an existent city structure. It is worth to see - Moscow Russia tourism is waiting for you.

During hundreds of years Moscow was the center of the national culture in Russia. A city possesses the most precious historical and architectural monuments of world importance: Kremlin, Church of Pokrov, is in Fili, Moscow state university, Triumphal Arch, Memorial complex of Victory on Poklonnaya Gora. Christ, Cathedral of Rescuer, Gate of Kremlin of Voskresenskiye together with Iverskaya Chapel and Temple of Image of Kazanskoy Mother of God on the Red square were built again. Holiday in Moscow can introduce you also with the large number of historical monuments are restored. The process to save a historical legacy proceeds and the Moscow government bodies operate as sponsors and active contestants. Much done just to make Muscovites, and newcomer can feel good and comfortable on the streets of the capital, so tourism in Moscow is very popular. Moscow city tours can show that pedestrian areas are adjusted, there are a lot of new hotels, café, restaurants and so on. Moscow arranges main festivals, Olympiads, competitions and different international competitions regularly. Moscow is known for its museums and such halls of exhibition as the Art gallery of Tretyakov, Museum of Pushkin, riding Hall – all you need is to travel to Moscow just to see all that. Those people, who saw Moscow already in some Moscow tours, are expected to go back into our home town again and again. Moscow with no doubt is one of the most beautiful cities of the world. So travel to Moscow Russia and enjoy the holidays.

Kremlin Cathedrals

Assumption cathedral, KremlinIt is interesting that square of Kremlin Cathedral is the central square of Kremlin. Mainly its architectural band appeared in the second half of 15 centuries. All main occasions were celebrated there even in ancient times. Solemn services on occasion of large religious banquets were conducted on the Square. All noblemen of the Russian state, collected there for weddings of Russian Tsars, coronation and funeral ceremonies. Foreign ambassadors were accepted on Square before Red Entrance of Granovitaya Palata (Palace of Aspects). If you will have some tours in Moscow Russia you can meet prominent monuments of Old Russian architecture in the Square of Cathedral: Cathedral of Uspenskiy (Cathedral of Supposition), Cathedral of Archangelskiy (Cathedral of Archangel) and Cathedral of Blagoveshchenskiy (Cathedral of Annunciation), Church of Rizopolozheniya (Church of Priestly Location), Granovitaya Palata (Palace of Aspects), Ivan the Great bell Tower with a bell tower, Palace of Patriarch and Residence as well. Travel Moscow and see all that.

Novodevichy Convent

Novodevichy ConventIt is known that the Novodevichy Convent was based in 1525 by Prince Basil III. It was a promise which he gave: to set a monastery in honour the image of Smolenskaya of Virgin on condition that Smolensk was exempt from Lithuanians. The special place was chosen for editing of building. It was the meadow of Devichy, adopted as this after Tatar tradition, to choose girls, to be taken to slavery. Aleviz Novy was that man, who designed the main cathedral of Monastery. Different parts of Monastery were set in different epoches: sublime walls and towers in the days of Boris Godunov, Pokrova of Virgin Church and Cathedral of Uspensky - at the end of the 17 centuries. The walls of monastery and tower got the up-to-date appearance in tsarevna Sophia’s domination. In the same time was built 5-headed Preobrzhenskaya Church with a bell tower. A bell tower was planned originally to be built eighttier. But editing of tower was shut-down when it contained only six rows and it was 73 meters in high. Unfortunately the name of its maker didn’t stays till our times, but Bazhenov, and Bove, prominent Russian architects, considered it the most great and imposing bell tower in all Moscow. The Convent is well-known because some sisters and wives of tsar’s family became nuns there. One of them is Irina Godunova, known as a tsar Feodor’s widow who was succeeded to heave up its brother Boris Godunov to the throne. Peter I’s wife Evdokiya was amongst thet people. Also Peter the I’s sister Sophia, who was overturned and compelled to take a curtain after strelets’ rebelling was low-spirited. The monastery was anniented in the 20th. And in the 30th the branch of state Museum of History took up that building. In 1944 Uspensky Cathedral there lapsed to the orthodox association. In the same time there is the Moscow Theology academy and seminary just removed to the monastery. In 1994 renewals of monkhood of Novodevichy Cathedral began. Since that time divine services took place in the cathedral of Uspensky. The capital tours Moscow can meet you with that place with such a big history.

The Nobleman’s Assembly

The Nobleman's AssemblyYou should have Moscow tour to see The Nobleman’s Assembly. The address of the building is is Okhotny Ryad, 2. It is one of not many works of M. F. Kazakov, in which style of great proprietor was stored in spite of the numerous last reconstructions which building was exposed to. The building was set in 1784-1787 by a project of Kazakov for Moscow Nobleman’s Assembly (which was built on desire of prince A. B. Golitsin and M. F. Soymonov). The building got widely wind due to the solemn and imposing Hall of Posts. In 1784 it purchased another building of former governor general of Moscow - V. M. of Dolgoruky.

On the basis of this Kazakov set the monumental mansion with buildings of farm, which was attached to it. Large Hall of Posts was located in a center with numerous living rooms to which join, and halls were located around. A main entrance stands before Bolshaya Dmitrovka. It is decorated by an ionic portico with 6 columns. Corners were decorated below pilastered porticos. A main entrance was located in part of building which stood before Okhotny Ryad. It was decorated by an arch, which puts on the doubled columns. Three staired stairs resulted in the main set of rooms. But the most remarkable part of the building was known like Hall of Posts. A corinfic colonnade, designed from a rather yellow artificial marble and lighted up with a skylight, compelled building to look solemn and elegant in the same time. In 1800 the buildings were added to The Nobleman’s Assembly on a side, appearing before the side-street of Georgievsky. In a 1811 the house was increased. In the same time the adorned ceiling, presenting an eagle with the wings of distribution and surrounded a thundercloud created the exterior in Hall of Posts. In 1812 buildings were very damaged at a fire. In 1814 it was recovered by student of Kazakov - A. N. Bakarev. Unfortunately he did not succeed to recover the decorated ceiling, thus it is lost for us forever. But there is still much to get to know in holiday to Moscow.

In 1903. F. Meisner bricked in a skylight and added a 3rd floor to the house. He took off porticos to the ground floor and compelled them to submit. On 30th of March 1856 the Hall of Posts witnessed speech of Alexander I, where he accented the necessity of liberation of slaves. P. I. Tchaikovsky, N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, F. List, S. V. Rakhmaninov executed their musical works in the building. In 1880 F. M. Dostoevsky put the known speech in connection with promulgation of monument of Pushkin. After Revolution this building was moved to the trade unions and it was adopted the House of Unions. Different congresses of Komintern and Profintern took place here. Beginning V. I. Lenin’s funeral Hall of Posts began to be used as a mourning hall, to say goodbye to the known people and statesmen. Building was under a reconstruction in 1977-1979 and in 1995-1996 years. Some public activity and concerts occur now in Hall of Posts. Tour to Moscow will show that place for everybody.

Bolshoi Theater

Bolshoi TheaterFrom beginning of its existence Bolshoi Theater was in a center of the capital cultural life. State Academic Bolshoi Theater - one of the oldest in Moscow. It was built at the beginning of 19 centuries and officially cleared in 1825. In obedience to opinions in relation to contemporaries, a theater was one the best even in all Europe. Troupe of actors, which was invited to come forward on the stage of theater formed before, in 1776, and that year was acknowledged as a year of theater’s fund.

The stage of the building witnessed such prime ministers as Life for Tsar Glinka and actions of ballet of Sylphide, Zhizel, Esmeralda and others. Travel in Moscow Russia and admire by all that. In a 1856 building of splendour burned out to the ground, but required only 16 months, to heave up a new imposing theater. Five surrounded hall of Bolshoi Theatre is known for his wonderful acoustics and can seat to 2 150 audience. This hall is adorned by gilded moldings and red velvet which passes to it the special brilliance and solemnity.

Bolshoi - one of leading ballet and opera companies all over the world. You can receive evidence of that in Moscow holidays. Imposition home is internationally famous ballet of Bolshoi and operas was built in 1824 by Osip Bove, although a company was begun in 1773 as dancing school for Moscow Shelter. For greater part of its history Bolshoi was darkened by Mariinskiy Theater in St. Petersburg, but with renewal of Moscow as a capital in 1918, it scored an advantage. During most past three decades Bolshoi was at the head with Yuri Grigorovich, by an artistic leader, known so his experimental, classic choreography. Under the term of stay of Grigorovich, and decorated the presence of row of the remarkably gifted ballet-dancers, Bolshoi got wind as one of great companies of ballet all over the world. His actions expose international confession, and an evening in Bolshoi remains one of the elevated pleasures of Moscow. A wonderful, acoustic excellent theater is a very charming venue.

All actions are played on the Little Stage of the theater, as the Large Stage is under a reconstruction now.

The little Stage of Bolshoi Ballet and Opera

The theatre closed the Large Stage for a reconstruction from July 2005 to March 2008. The primary objective of this reconstruction consists of that to recover the stage and hall and do it more comfortable. All actions of theatrical company are played on the Little Stage. The little stage also belongs to the theater. Places of handwork are very comfortable. The Little Stage has wonderful acoustics, the same as the Large Stage. The little Stage is arranged by elevators and are comfort for people with the limited capabilities. It was built rigorously in style and traditions of Bolshoi Ballet and Opera.

The Architect`s House 
 
The Architect's HouseThat house was developed as a private mansion and belonging to A.l. Beloved. The asymmetric project of his facades interfuses with romantic gothic motives and pseudo is architecture of Russia of its exterior and building’s interior. A wooden stair with the arched gallery on the 2nd floor occupies prominent position in a mansion. The most beautiful elements in an interior are a white hall with a fire-place and rich cornice and library with ceilings which are decorated with wood. Since building was inverted to the Union of Soviet Architects in 1930, last hall, cafy and restaurant were opened in the building. At the end of 1970th building after new habitation of block was enlarged with spacious room, hall of exhibition, the rooms of conference hall and office were constructed in the building. Travel in Moscow will show you all the changes.




English Club

English clubYou can see a magnificent mansion behind a fence with lions, which was built at the end of the 17th centuries. The museum of Revolution is located in this building today. And after the 18th centuries brother of Kheraskov poet lived in a that mansion. Members of the first Moscow masonic circle, in-use, secretly have met there. Their names are: Kheraskov, Tcherkassky, Turgenev and "brother Kinovion". Prominent enlightener Nikolay Novikov hid the pseudonym of Rosenkreuz hereunder. In 1792 Novikov was placed under arrest for that, because he published the disgraced book of Radishev’s “Journey From Petersburg To Moscow”. Meeting in a house was halted. After the death of Kheraskov in 1807, count A. K. Razumovsky accepted a domain by oneself. At the account of manor it was recovered by an architect D. Gilardi and it is moulded in his modern appearance. In the same time imposings stone lions did the exterior by a gate.“ As though fossil dignitaries, overcooking dinner of Lucullus”, - wrote Gilyarovsky. tours in Moscow often conduct excursions here.

Moscow underground railway

Moscow metroUnderground railway of Moscow is one of indeed noteworthy sights. The tube stations are also known as the “Moscow underground palaces”. Indeed brilliance of palace of vestibules and halls is confirmed by that utterance. More than twenty types of marble and many other rocks (labradorite, cuts, porphyry, onyx) were used during building of the underground railway. Statues, diminishes imposition of decorative compositions (pictures, mosaic, windows from the stained glass and fresco), created by the prominent artists of our country, to adorn a solemn underground complex. The first line of underground railway was placed in the operation of May, 15 of 1935.

All the architects and builders of the Moscow underground railway wanted to create not only comfortable, but also individually and nice stations. The station of “Mayakovskaya”, placed in an operation in 1938, as suppose, is one of the most beautiful stations of the complex. This was the first columnar station, submerged to the no-bottom. Its supports are done from a metal and tiled with a granite and stainless steel. Domes are decorated with the inlaid groups, developed by the known artist A. A. Deineka. In 1937 on the International exhibition in Paris the first stations of line of the Moscow underground railway were rewarded with a prize for underground railway urbanism. And the station of “Mayakovskaya” was the recipient of an award Grand Prix.

Such underground railway stations as “Mayakovskaya”, “Kropotkinskaya”, “Teatralnaya”, “Prospekt Mira”, “Kurskaya - radial” and more others stay among interesting architectural monuments of 1930-1950. Some of them are under official state defence now. This built stations are characterized by maximum simplicity and strictness. Charts, automatic informative machines and easy indicators – all it can help us to orient in Moscow underground railway passage. Recognize it in Moscow Russia tours.

Moscow state Conservatory (Great/Small Hall)

Also during tours of Moscow you can see Moscow state Conservatory, adopted in honour by the known composer P. Tchaikovsky, and often urgent "Conservatory of Tchaikovsky", was founded on September, 1 of 1866, by Nikolay Rubinstein (1835-1881), by a brilliant pianist, explorer and musical "spreader".

Presently, Moscow Conservatory - one of the most wonderful and known schools of music all over the world. It said, in opposition to be one school of music, Conservatory - in actual fact, all complex of establishments, goting not only Conservatories directly, but also different schools added to Conservatory. They are known as: Musical College of Conservatory, specialized musical middle school, approximately with 700 students to which attached Musical School of Children, approximately with 300 students; Central Specialized School of Music, approximately with 270 children, and Academy of Leadthrough of the Military orchestra (approximately with 230 students).

Conservatory Academic Advice looks after work of these specialized schools, often dividing its professors and academic state with them. De autre part, concludes these specialized schools, often included in Conservatory upon completion of their secondary education, although an entrance pay is a competition - based and inferior, to charm examinations. Does that do a student, studying in Moscow Conservatory, get? Foremost, naturally, very vocational and artistic training world-wide professors, composers, artists and scientists. But anymore, actually, those, who crosses the threshold of Conservatory, are immediately included in a contact with the atmosphere of rich culture and with the very wide range of artistic events. "Large Hall", as before mentioned, plays a peculiar role herein. But so do also "Small Hall" and "Hall of Rachmaninov". They are "Conservatory Halls", accessible for all student and in them, to many it is enabled students demonstration of it or its skills of implementation. Moscow Conservatory, actually, organizes a few hundred concerts annually in its own halls, similarly as in such from other Russian cities, giving it students, once again, with many possibilities to participate actively in musical and cultural events.

It have wide values; it means not only, that students, specialized on musicology, directly, get the completest teaching in the area, but that all Moscow students, regardless of what they are specialized in, get very steady foundation in musicology, up-diffused the same teachers, scientists and researchers. If you add to it, that Russian school of musicology, in principle, is deprived "scientist, quarreling" and far anymore orientable to semantics of art, the type of formation of theory, which is got by the Moscow students, is close related to the wide range of problems, that with many of them resist, most especially in the areas of executive types of art and composition. Finally, this Conservatory gives to every student possibility of free determination him or its artistic interests. His purpose consists of that, to teach his students so that their true artistic personalites could appear and so, that they could become by the real professionals and authentic "agents of culture".

All of it is inferior to this purpose. Creative initiatives from the side of students are supported and encouraged. To domination of flexibility, and it is let students simultaneously to study objects which are out of scopes of their "specialities". To quote an only one example: if the students of executive types of art wish to study composition, and to show capabilities in this area, they are free registered in the classes of composition, similarly as in any by a friend the class of theory or classes. Much the same used to the leadthrough and to probe in musicology. In general, all kinds have rich and diversifed possibilities of inter-department with readiness accessible for the Moscow students, allowing them to pursue work high level, academic and teaching careers.

The Great Moscow State Circus

The Great Moscow State CircusLarge Moscow state Circus was opened in April 1971, 30. It was developed and built by the group of architects and engineers by the leadership of I.Belopolsky, and still today it strikes all with the economic feasibilities. It was not and still there is not a similar circus anywhere in the world. Its audience presents an amphitheatre of 36 meters in high, consisting of 23 rows for 3400 places.

Five interchangeable rings are located in an enormous machine hall at back of 18 meters. With the fine adjusted mechanical and electronic equipment replacement of one ring with other occupies 5-6 minutes. One enormous thirteen-meter ring falls down, lowerings aside, while other beret his place and taken off up by a "giant hand". All five rings were used in many shows of Circus: ring of horse, water ring, icy ring, ring of illusion and easy ring. This is the Circus to be must seen in Moscow Russia tour.

Circus has a sixth ring also - rehearsing. It is busy from a morning to the end of night. New actions are created here, here artists are heated before work. Circus has all and all necessary for creative actions. His directors, ballet-masters, musicians, designers, help artists to create new actions. The seminars of Circus are produced by suits and supports.

Presently Circus is hired by a few hundreds artists which accomplish actions actually of all known genres of circus. Many of artists hold the honoured names of Folk Artists and Honoured Artists of Russian Federation. Their high artistic and professional level is well-proven fact, that every year the artists of Large Moscow Circus take part on prestige international festivals and competitions, winning the highest rewards. The whole programs and separate actions accomplish a journey every year in anymore what 20 countries of implementation of the world not only in circuses but also on the theatrical stages, in a cabaret and in thematic parks. All people can see them in tours to Moscow.

Performance at Great Moscow State CircusIn In a 1996 Circus celebrated the 25th anniversary with "Silver Show on Hills of Vorobievy", organized Folk Artist of Russia Leonid Kostyuk. Work was great success, including more than 500 000 audience. Foreign guests who were travel Moscow Russia were visited this show too. From the moment of his birth Circus presented an audience more than one hundred different programs including the shows of theme and action of variety shows, where the best Russian and foreign artists of circus took part.

In a 2001 Large Moscow state Circuscelebrated the 30th anniversary with a grandiose show. Many years already Large Moscow state Circus is headed a man which directly in the past came forward in a ring and won "Gold Clown" prize of International Festival of Circus in Monte Carlo, now his General Producer, Folk Artist of Russian Federation, world known director of circus, professor of Russian Academy of the Executive types of art, academician Leonid L. Kostyuk.

The Moscow palace of young people

The Moscow palace of young peopleMoscow palace of young people - one of most interesting complexes of Moscow, located on one of living network of capital - by boulevard of Komsomol‘sk - directly higher than the tube of "Frunze" station.

The Moscow palace of young people has an accessible large concerto hall, in 1900 places, equipped by modern voice, easy and equipment of the stage, and multipurpose hall of parquet by ability to locate 2000 persons which can be used not only for concerts and dancing evenings, but also for corporate measures, embankments and buffets, presentations, et cetera.

An important merit of the Moscow palace of young people is all complex for leisure and entertainments, so that any visitor in tour of Moscow would find leisure for soul and will bring some friends and children. They enter into the infrastructure of The Moscow palace of young people such entertainments: cinema, billiards, bouling, a few restaurants and cafe to any taste, shops, Internet-cafe, hall of automat-games, salon of beauty etc on contiguous territory settles down. Just fell all the advantages of Moscow holiday.

Moscow Operetta Theatre

Moscow Operetta TheatreIn the heart of Moscow, not far from Kremlin, there maintains old building, known by that people, who loves music - Moscow Operetta Theatre. In 19th century it placed Russian Opera of Mamontov. Later it served as joining of Bolshoy Theater. Now it belongs to Theater of Operetta of Moscow. A theater has a vast repertoire: Johann Strauss’ "The Bat" and "Viennese Blood" of Kalman "Queen Czardas", "Princess of Circus" and "Bajadere", "Merry Widow Legar''s". Modern actions include "Fiances", musical in accordance with a soviet classic Isaak Dunayevsky. Actually, a theater set to the work in 1929 from organization exactly this musical. Today musical gifts the brilliant young singer Oksana Kotsyurskaya and its partner Vladimir Golyshev.

While holidays to Moscow you can understand that the theater of Operetta has excellent traditions. It has a group of stars in which a fashion is set such talented performers, as Tatiana Shmyga. And a management and other artists take into account that it must say. In respect of public, it considered Tatiana as the real prima donna of operetta many years. Other gifted actress, Svetlana Varguzova, was the member of throw during 30 years now. Actions with its participation, such as "Beautiful Galateya" Franz Zuppe, and by a benefit-night "Prima donna" about life of artists, always possess great success. tour in Moscow will get the chance to feel an atmosphere in Theater of Operetta which is such that even biggest-selling artists never show the signs of glory. It takes place from discipline, ruling there, and habit to the fag which gives enviable lightness to any work.

The leading actresses of theater are extraordinarily likable, especially in their difficult suits of the stage. Artists of men are blamelessly polite and insuperable gentlemen, they, seems, gave birth in an evening dress. It relates with those, who orders romantic characters, certainly. Leading men - beautiful Yuri Vedeneyev with his strong baritone, young Sergey Alimpiev, and the best Russian "Mister X" Gerard Vasiliev, who are very popular not only in this country, but also abroad. He is famous in many countries and travel from Moscow very often. In Japan he reads lectures on Russian music. Annual festivals in Theater of Operetta of Moscow were set aside to the next spring. They promise to be grandiose. Moscow tourism is the chance to see all of that.

The leading actresses of theater are extraordinarily likable, especially in their difficult suits of the stage. Artists of men are blamelessly polite and insuperable gentlemen, they, seems, gave birth in an evening dress. It relates with those, who orders romantic characters, certainly. Leading men - beautiful Yuri Vedeneyev with his strong baritone, young Sergey Alimpiev, and the best Russian "Mister X" Gerard Vasiliev, who are very popular not only in this country, but also abroad. He is famous in many countries and travel from Moscow very often. In Japan he reads lectures on Russian music. Annual festivals in Theater of Operetta of Moscow were set aside to the next spring. They promise to be grandiose. Moscow tourism is the chance to see all of that.

 

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