Vladikavkaz city is the capital of the Northern Ossetia (Alania) Republic.
Vladikavkaz is the largest city in the Northern Ossetia Republic.
It stands on the both banks of the Terek River. The population of the city is about 50,000 people. Major ethnic groups include Ossetians, Russians, Georgians and Armenians.
In the XIII century, the Mongol Empire extended its sway over Ossetia. Russian colonization began in the Northern Ossetia area after the establishment of the fortress of Vladikavkaz in 1784.
Founded in 1784 as a fortress during the Russian conquest of the Caucasian region, it was long the military and political center of Russia in the Caucasus. It was made the capital of the Gorskaya (Mountain People’s) Soviet Republic in 1921. In 1936 the region was renamed the North Ossetian Republic. The city was renamed Ordzhonikidze in 1932, Dzaudzhikau in 1944, again Ordzhonikidze in 1954, and Vladikavkaz in 1990.
In addition to Ossetians and Russians, Ingush, Armenians, Georgians, and Ukrainians today populate the republic.
The industry in the Northern Ossetia Republic is concentrated in Vladikavkaz. It includes nonferrous metallurgy (lead, zinc, tungsten, molybdenum, sulfuric acid, copper vitriol, tungsten, molybdenum), mechanical engineering and metalworking and manufacture of building materials. Food production and light industries are developed. In the mountains, timber exploitation, particularly of beech forests, is important. Hydroelectric plants have been built on the Terek River at Vladikavkaz and on the Gizeldon River.
Places to See
There are many museums, clubs, cinemas, theatres and public libraries in Vladikavkaz. Theatre of Drama, Musical Theatre, Children’s and Youngster’s Theatre, Theatre "The Narts" are the professional theatres worth visiting. The State Folk Dance Ensemble "Alan", the Choreographic Ensemble "Art" and the Symphonic Orchestra and Choir are very successful.
The scientific and cultural potential of Ossetia is very high. There are 4 Universities: the National University, the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, the Medical Academy and Agrarian Academy, as well as 13 colleges with 22 thousand students.