Nizhny Novgorod (since 1932 city, carrying the name Gorky in honour of the writer Maxim Gorky) was founded in 1221. It is located in the Central European part of Russia on the coasts of two rivers - Volga and Oka. Nizhny Novgorod has favourable geographical conditions for the economic and social development. According to its population and available industrial potential Nizhni Novgorod enters into the first five tops of the Russian cities. It is the capital of Privolzskiy federal district, the centre of the Nizhny Novgorod region and Volgo-Vyatskiy economical region.
Nizhny Novgorod occupies the area of 41,1 thousand hectares. The population of this city (on January 1, 2005) is 1 million 297,6 thousand people.
The foundation of Nizhny Novgorod is closely connected with the name of great Vladimir Prince Yuri Vsevolodovich, who decided to construct this fortress and save Russia from Mordvinians and Tatars attacks.
During Ivan the Terrible government Nizhny Novgorod had turned to be the political and economical center because of its favorable location.
Now Nizhny Novgorod is one of the biggest industrial centers of our country. It is famous for metal production, machine-building, agriculture and weapons production. While your Nizhny Novgorod travel you can see the car, produced by Gorky Automobile Plant, which are very popular in our country.
There are some more towns on the territory of Nizhny Novgorod region. So Vyksa, Arzamas, and Sarov are the centers of metal production, machine-building, and nuclear research. Novgorod tour gives you the opportunity to visit Semyonov, well-known Khokhloma wood painting center.
Novgorod tourism is very popular among the guests from the entire world, because this region is a huge transport junction. There are airways, railways and motorways, which connect Nizhny Novgorod with the all parts of our country and foreign states. It is very interesting to spend Novgorod tours traveling by passenger boats.
Nizhny Novgorod belongs to those cities, which historically had a few centers. Each of these parts of city, being unique in the individuality, expresses also its basic features. So one part of city – Novgorodsky district - personifies a historical role of city and can be called as the cultural center. Sormovo carries out a role of the main Volga shipbuilding center. Sozgorod plays the role of the auto structure center. And Canavino is a transport gate of Povolzye.
Novgorodsky district is the most picturesque part of this city. Choosing Novgorod tours, pay a special attention to visiting its historical center - Kremlin, which reminds about the important role of city, which it has played in a history of Russia. Nowadays it is a place of regional and local administrations sitting. Picture Gallery and the Concert Hall of the Philharmonic Society are also located on the territory of Kremlin.
Go along Minin and Pozarsky Square and take a sight at Kozma Minin monument.
It is necessary to note that there are about 600 unique historic and architectural places, which are worth to sight while your Novgorod travel. Take a chance to enjoy yourself visiting such places of interest as Art Museum with the masterpieces of great Russian artists lived in 18-20 centuries, Literary Museum, Historical and Architectural Museum, or Russian wooden architecture open-air museum.
Buy Novgorod tour and book the tickets to the best performances and concerts, which are included in the repertoire of 8 theatres: the Opera and Ballet Theatre, Drama Theatre for Young Spectators, Comedy Theatre, Puppet Theatre, Gorky State Academic Theatre, 5 concert halls, Glinka State Conservatory and Philharmonic Society.
Nizhny Novgorod is one of the 100 towns, which are included in the top list of the historical and cultural centers, created by UNESCO.
Novgorod travel is the tour to one of the biggest educational and scientific places of Russia, because there are 14 higher education and 10 scientific research institutes in Nizhny Novgorod.