Ivanovo region is located in the central part of European Russia. It is a part of the ñentral economic district of Russia. The population of the region is 1,266,000 people. It’s territory is 21.4 thousand sq. km. The region borders Vladimir, Kostroma, Yaroslavl and Nizhny Novgorod regions. It consists of 22 districts, 4 city districts, 6 cities of regional jurisdiction, 11 cities of district subordination and 31 industrial communities. Ivanovo city is the administrative centre of the region. Other major cities of the region are Vichuga with 47 thousand inhabitants, Kineshma with 101 thousand inhabitants, Teikovo with 38.9 thousand inhabitants, Furmanov with 45 thousand inhabitants and Shuia with 69 thousand inhabitants.
Ivanovo is a big industrial city halfway between Vladimir and Kostroma. It is located about 300 km north-east of Moscow. The population of Ivanovo is about 470 thousand people.
The climate in the region is temperate continental. The average temperature in July is +17C and the average temperature in January is -12C. The biggest part of the territory of the region lies between the Volga and Klyazma Rivers.
The village named Ivanovo was first mentioned in the chronicles in 1561. It’s inhabitants were fishing, hunting and trading, but their main occupation was making the cloths. The town was founded on August 2, 1871 under the name of Ivanovo-Voznesensk. Its cloths and fabric were sold even as far as England.
In the middle of the XIX century, the region started developing to become the centre of the Russian textiles industry. At the end of the XIX century, production grew dramatically and so did the labour movement. Ivanovo-Voznesensk was the home to the first labor union in Russia called "Nevestka" (bride) because of the high percentage of women workers. The town was renamed Ivanovo in 1932.
The shift from centralized economy to a free market led to a decrease in the volume of production: in 1998, it was only 22% of what it had been in 1989. It did, however, rise strongly again towards the end of the 1990s.
Ivanovo is still one of the main textile centers of Russia. Russians half-jokingly call this place ‘the city of brides’ because there are more women than men working at the textile industry.
Being one of the ‘Golden Ring’ ancient Russian towns, the region of Ivanovo is presently considered one of the poorest areas in the Russian Federation.
Ivanovo is one of the ‘Golden Ring’ cities of Russia, named so because of beautiful fall colors and a number of ancient Russian Orthodox churches in the area. From the XVIII century it was famous for the skillfully painted icons, fretworks and embroideries.
One of the main streets of the city is Engelsa Street. A supermarket, a currency exchange and a railway station are located on the street. Another important street is Lenina Street with many restaurants, cafes, and a hotel.
One also should visit Palekh village, one of the centers of Russian icon-painting located 60 kilometers east of Ivanovo. It is possible to get to Palekh from Ivanovo's bus station.
Commercially important mineral resources in Ivanovo region are clay, sand, sand-gravel mix and loam. The region’s raw materials are unevenly distributed through the territory. Most of the explored deposits are located in the west and northwest of the region, and less deposits are found in it’s southern and eastern parts.
Industries in Ivanovo region include light, chemical and petrochemical, food, forest, peat, engineering, metalworking and others. The dominating sector is light industry, which makes up 33% of the region’s industries. Light industry is represented by clothing, textile and shoe production. Textile companies of the region produce half of Russia's textiles.
Engineering plays an important role in the region’s industry (16%). Engineering companies manufacture mobile cranes, looms and machine tools, excavators, combing machinery, instrumentation, and car components. Woodworking and pulp and paper industries also make significant contribution to the regional economy.
The region’s temperate continental climate and large number of rivers and lakes contribute to the development of agriculture. Crops include beets, cabbage, carrots, potatoes, feed crops, and long-fibered flax. Cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and poultry are raised. There are more than 1,000 farms in the region.