Kemerovo city, initially called Scheglovsk, was founded in 1925. Kemerovo, with a population of
over 530,000 residents, is the administrative center of the Kemerovo region. The other large cities and towns of the region are Novokuznetsk with 580,000 people, Prokopievsk, Leninsk-Kuznetsky(131,000), Mezhdurechensk, and Kiselevsk (125,000).
Climate and Nature
The climate is sharply continental: winter is cold and long, summer is short, but warm. The average annual temperature varies from - 1.4°C to +1.0°C. The average temperature in Kemerovo is - 19.2°C in January and + 18.6°C in July. The highest temperature is about +38°C in summer, while in winter it falls to -54°C in the south and -57°C in the north.
contain gold deposits.
Fauna is represented by elk, bear, lynx, badger, Siberian weasel, squirrel, and fox.
People in Kemerovo live mostly in block apartments. Private houses are rare, inhabited mostly by the very poor or the very rich. The poor continue to live in their old, run-down houses because they can’t afford repairs or to step up to an apartment. The rich buy very big houses that constitute success.
There are also many educational institutions. Presently there are about 38,000 students in seven local colleges and universities and 45,000 students in 59 technical schools. Research Institutes, e.g. Institutes of Coal and Coal Hydro-mining, are also located in Kemerovo.
Tomskaya Pisanitsa is a famous museum of petroglyphs (ancient drawings), located about 60 km northwest from Kemerovo (by Yashkinskaya highway) in a beautiful place at Tom river. There are also some other historical exhibitions. Open Wednesday to Sunday, the museum suggests a very budget-friendly entrance fee.