The Khabarovsky Region is located in the center of the Russian Far East. Land, marine and air routes pass through its territory connecting the interior parts of the country with the Pacific ports, as well as the ÑIS and Western Europe countries with the Asian Pacific Rim countries.
The Khabarovsky Region is one of the largest administrative-territorial units in the Russian Federation. Its area equals 788.6 sq, km that makes up 4.5% of the Russian territory and 12.7% of the Russian Far-Eastern economic region. The territory stretches for 1 800 kilometers from the North to the South, and from the West to the East - for 125-750 km. The distance from its center to Moscow is 8533 km by rail and 6075 km by air.
The Khabarovsky Region is washed by the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan. The coastline extension is 3390 km, including islands, the largest of them are Shantarsky Islands.
On the coast of the Tatarsky Strait there are water areas convenient for the construction of ports, such as the Chikhachev Gulf and Vanino Bay and especially the unique complex of deep, sheltered bays that form the Gulf of Sovetskaya Gavan. This gulf and the neighboring Vanino Bay are accessible for vessels during the winter period.
A characteristic feature of the Khabarovsky region is a well developed river system, the major area belonging to the Pacific Ocean basin (the Amur river basin), and the lesser one to the Arctic Ocean basin (the Lena river basin).
430 km separate the region from the North Pole in the north. The south point of the territory lies on the parallel that is situated to the north of the Hokkaido Island and Portland city and to the south of Rostov-on-Don city.
The region borders with China. The nearest russian neighbors are the Primorsky region, the Jewish Autonomous oblast, the Amurskaya and the Magadanskaya regions and the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic.
The history of the Khabarovsky region goes back to the first explorers of Priokhotye and Priamurye. The development of the Far East territories began from their campaigns. The first settlements of Russian people have arisen at the Okhotsk coast in the first half of the 17th century. Campaigns of V.D.Pojarkov's (1643-1646 years) and E.P.Habarov (1649-1653 years) have begun joining of the left bank of Priamurye to Russia, settling of extensive, practically lonely territories. At present Khabarovsky region includes 236 municipal formations: 29 urban settlements, 188 rural settlements, two urban districts (Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur), 17 municipal regions.
The Khabarovsky Region has an abundance of natural resources - land, water, forest and other biological resources including numerous minerals that are found throughout its territory.
The region holds an important place in the Russian Far East and even in Russia because of such natural resources as timber, precious species of fish and fur animals, ores of ferrous metals, nonferrous and precious metals, water resources and others.
29 species of hunting animals and about 70 species of birds inhabit the region. The basic objects of hunting are hoofed (elk, Siberian stag, roe deer), fur animals (sable, squirrel, Siberian weasel), brown bear. Commercial production of natural products (fern, berries, mushrooms, herb raw material) have a social orientation, being one of the basic kinds of activity of inhabitants of distant settlements and traditional craft of small peoples of North living in the region.
Mountains and plateaus from 500m up to 2500m high occupy about three fourths of the region's area. The largest plain space, the marshy Middle-Amur Plain, is situated on both sides of the Amur River. The climate of the Khabarovsky region can be defined as a monsoon climate and is characterized by cold winter and hot, humid summer. Climate conditions vary significantly both from the North to the South, and likewise depend on the land relief and sea vicinity.
The average temperature in January ranges from minus 22°C in the South to minus 40°C in the North; on the coast - from minus 18°C in the South to minus 24°C in the North.
The average temperature range of the warmest month -July- is +20°C in the South and +15°C in the North. The frost free period in the South of the region(with temperatures 5°C and higher) is 170-177 days, up to 130 days in the northern region.
The annual precipitation ranges from 400-600 mm in the North up to 600-800 mm in the plains and in the eastern slopes of the mountains. The mountainous area has far more precipitation (over 1000 mm).
Spring begins early March and is characterized by the rather length and changeable weather. In northern districts and in sea coast spring comes a month and a half later. Summer in all the territory is hot, except coastal areas. In July - early August tropical air comes to southern parts of the region and brings high humidity with it. In autumn the weather is dry and warm. In the northern parts of the region autumn comes a month earlier. Sunny weather with strong frosts and frequent winds is typical for winter. The coastal frosts are milder but winds are regular. So the best seasons for tourism are late spring - early summer, late summer - early autumn, when the weather is most pleasant.
Big Khekhtsir reserve
Located at the confluence of the rivers Amur and Ussuri, the Big Khekhtsir Nature Reserve is only in two dozen kilometers from the City of Khabarovsk. It is very difficult to preserve the primordial nature close to a big city, in the circle of roads,
settlements, and fields. But the nature reserve made a miracle, having turned history backwards. Sable came back and became a common mammal there, Korean pine-sedar regains its place, and at the 1980's Siberian tiger had returned to its domain.
Together with the tiger, other animals and plants listed in the federal and international Red Data Books are protected by the nature preserve. Giant relic beetle, Chinese softshelled tortoise, Mandarin duck, Asian black bear, - to name just a few of those rarities.
The Big Khekhtsir Nature Reserve represents the biodiversity the Russian Far East is know for. In a fairly small area of 450 square kilometers (112 thousand acres) as many as 1011 species of vascular plants, 218 - of mosses, 148 - of linchens, 826 - of fungi, 6 - of amphibians, 8 - ofreptiles, 221 - of birds, and 50 - of mammals were recorded by researchers. Northern and southern ecological complexes meet each other at the geographical latitude of the nature reserve. Amur grape climbs up Ajan spruce, Indian cuckoo puts eggs into the nests of Siberian gray shrike, and Asian black bear occurs side by side with brown grizzly bear.
The Eco-Tourist Complex, located in the settlement of Sikachi Alian, 84 km away from Khabarovsk is famous for it's world-wide known rock drawings of Sikachi Alian dating back to 13-12th millennium B.C. compare well to treasures of Egyptian pyramids. Besides, you will visit the Nanai Household Outdoor Museum, giving you an introduction of the Nanai people's way of life. You will see a performance of the folklore ethnographical group with a presentation of the Nanai ritual scenes. The show-room featuring artifact of the Nanai culture gives you an opportunity to get in touch with the most ancient civilization and trace connection of times and peoples. Feel the magic of the great Amur River connecting the nations of South-East Asia, China, Korea, Japan, with people who used to inhabit its banks in the distant past. Walk along the ecological path with the diversity of Far Eastern flora and fauna, endemic, rare, and endangered species striking your imagination. During lunch guests are offered to try dishes of the Nanai cuisine and enjoy the taste of fragrant tea made of rare Far Eastern herbs.
Wild animals rehabilitation center
A car trip to the very heart of the Ussuri taiga will bring you leasure of observing the wildlife, as well as getting some environmental knowledge. The trip to the Center takes about 2 hours along the southbound Khabarovsk-Vladivostok highway. The Far Eastern flora surrounding the camping grounds is abundant and includes a relic yew-tree grove.
The Wild Animals Rehabilitation Center was founded in 1996 by the professional tiger catcher Vladimir Kruglov. It is aimed at rehabilitating the wild animals which implies treatment of the sick and wounded animals, and later on returning them to their traditional environment in the wild.
The animals stay in spacious enclosures and special high-stands are built for tourist to observe the animals and take pictures. At different periods, the Center has been home to tigers, brown and Himalayan black bears, lynx, foxes, raccoon dogs, roe-deers, sika deers, and elks. After rehabilitation they are released into the wild. It is the only location in the entire Far East of Russia where the wild animals find refuge and help from man. Siberian tiger Lyuty (Savage) is the Center's oldest inhabitant and its "visiting card".
Khabarovsk is the capital of the Khabarovsky region. The city is stretched along Amur river for 50 kilometers. The largest economic, financial and transport center of the Far East with the population is more than 600 thousand people, Khabarovsk constantly renews and modernizes its appearance. City establishment at the intersection of land, sea and airways converts the capital of edge into the powerful transport knot, and the immediate vicinity of the state border of Russia makes it possible to actively develop economic and commercial, scientific and cultural international communication service. The distance between Khabarovsk and Moscow is only 7 hour flight in the contemporary airliner. Internation airport of Khabarovsks has regular air communication with the cities like Niigata, Aomori (Japan), Seoul (R.Koreya), Harbin (China), San Francisco (USA), Tel Aviv (Israel), Tashkent (Uzbekistan). In summer one can reach adjacent China by a high-speed Amur steamer. Cargo and passenger steamers of the "river- sea" type accomplish voyages into the ports of the countries of southeastern Asia. Friendly Khabarovsk has sister-cities: Niigata in Japan, Portlend in the USA, Victoria in Canada, Harbin in China.
More than 200 contemporary enterprises and more than 100 enterprises with 100% foreign capital work today in Khabarovsk. Over 25 companies of Japan, USA, Korea, New Zealand, Hong Kong and other countries of Asian- Pacific Ocean region have their subsidiaries in Khabarovsk.
Various international, scientific congresses, conferences, symposia are often held in Khabarovsk.
In spite of 142th- anniversary, Khabarovsk is a young city, fourth part of entire population - are people at the age from 15 to 29 years.
Modern Khabarovsk is rich in its talents: actors and musicians of the drama theaters, musical comedy, pantomime, theatre of young spectator and puppet-show, symphonic and chamber orchestras, youth and people ensembles are always glad to welcome the guests of city. The city of the developing culture has got many museums, parks, picture galleries.
The unique relics and the publications of regional scientific library helps one with productive leisure. Amur river and its inflows present numerous attractive places for fishing amateurs. The Bolshekhekhtsirsky preserve is located next to the city.
Welcome to Khabarovsk-the city of picturesque avenues, spacious areas and streets, green parks!