Krasnoyarsky region stretches from coasts of the Arctic Ocean till the mountains of the Southern Siberia. Length from north to south is almost 3,000 km, from west to east - 1,250 km. The very northern point of Russia is Cheluskin`s cape.
Krasnoyarsky region borders on the republic of Tyva in the south-east, on Altaisky region in the south, on Kemerovskaya region in the south-west, on Tomskaya region in the west, on Tyumenskaya region in the north-west, on the republic of Sakha in the north-east, on Irkutskaya region in the east and south-east.
In the region there is a peninsula of Taimyr. Main rivers are the Enisei with its tributaries, the Khatanga, the Pyasina, the Taimyra. There are big lakes: the Taimyr and the Pyasino.
The climate is sharp continental, especially severe in the north.
The region’s elongation determines landscape variety. If have a trip through it, then see both steppe, and taiga, and cold desert, and arctic desert, and enjoy birds’ flight, and see a bear, and have a ride on a north deer, and get acquainted with the natives' lifestyle and have a bath in the sun, in several days.
There a lot of picturesque places in the region. The Sayan crests with snowed tops and fantastic knaps, dark leafy forests of the Buybinsky gorges, and sublime happy ground of the Angara are stretched for almost a thousand km away Polar region’s landscaped and Khakas steppes’ scope are unique by itself. The Krasnoyarsk outskirts are bright and picturesque. Red topped marel mountains’ jads go up north from the city. Sayan crest burgs are stretched on the right bank of the Yenisei. The Black bald mountain’s conic-shaped jad rises up high west from Krasnoyarsk. A score of km far are situated “Camels’” knaps and behind them is a cliff “Mongolian tent” with a 11–meter depth reservoir on the top. Gloomy Takmak blackens above woody mountains south-west form the city. The Mansky mountains prospect is viewed from a highway on a stony sleep slope of the left bank.
Sobakin’s abutment is not far off; there are several caves a km far. Behind the ancient Ovsyanka there is the mouth of a cold and cataracted Mana, the Biryusinsky cliffs and famous caves inside, which used to be a home for an early man many centuries ago, are behind it. Then there run up shaly “Fingers” and rocky towers, called “Cossacks burgs”.
A state natural reserve “Stoops” is a unique monument, a part of the Eastern Sayan Mountains. It is located behind the first ridge of the Sayan crest. There are a lot of books about the “Stoops”, they inspired many artists and poets, many fates are connected with them. Outstanding alpinists and cragsmen were brought up here. Due to the reserve Krasnoyarsk is world’s known.
Rock cliffs tower here in the middle of taiga on the territory of forty seven thousands ha. There are about 100 of them. Aspired up rocky giants are comers from the underground pinky-brown crystalline rocks. Some of them raise above the ground for 100 m. Rains, winds, frosts and the sun carved out of wild stone peculiar shapes for million of years. People named them “Old man”, “Big Erne”, “Lion’s Gates”, “Feathers”, “Vulture” and other. The reserve’s nature is beautiful. Viewing points give a great prospect: laced needlepoint of birch-trees, wild ashes’ carved leaves, majestic cliffs, conifer forest covered bald mountains. Huge, riven with lightings larches and strong cedars tincture special peculiarity to the region. Incredibly beautiful flowers grow down the slopes and rivers’ valleys: forget-me-nots, rosebays, milk yhistles…
And here greets the look an enormous pyramid. Its name is “The First Stoop”. It is accessible even for beginners, except for certain places. But to learn rock-climbing, start with “A Little Elephant”. This rock is located at the foot of the First Stoops and is always fastened with boys and girls of all age. If you managed to climb “A Little Elephant’s” back, despite its polished sides, then other rocks are within your grasp.
A view over the biggest in the reserve and a bit gloomy rock – The Second Stoop - is open from the First Stoop. This rock is for experienced climbers. But the Fourth Stoop is easy for everyone. The Stoopers (this is the name for climbers, who became closely linked with the reserve) invite visitors to climb this stoop any season. It gives a spectacular view: rocky cliffs tower up like islands in a rough taiga sea.
There is another reserve in the Sayan Mountains – Sayano-Shushensky. Avocational tourism is also well developed here.
3-4 KC routes on foot have become wide spread in the region. For instance, routes from the Sayans to Baikal are very popular. The crest Kryzhin, Manskoe, Kanskoe white-mountains, the Munuk-Sardyk jad, the peaks Grandioznyj (Grand), Topograph’s, extinct volcanoes Kropotkin’s and Peretolgin’s are very famous among rocky tourists.
3-4 KC ski routes cover all the Sayan’s territory. The best season for routes is March-the Middle of April. Mountain skiers’ expeditions come to the Sayans every summer as well.
Majority of water routes go through the Kazar, Gutara, Us, Mana rivers. The routes across the lakes of the Todzhinskaya hollow, the lakes (Kara-Khol. Syut-Khol, Mozharskoe) of the Kruahin crest’s western slopes are rather exciting as well.
Badzhejskaya, Kubinskaya and Oreshskaya caves are the most attractive for speleological tourism.
Horse tourism gains popularity.
The Yenisei is the pride of the Krasnoyarsky region. It is the most affluent river in Russia. It is fishy with salmon and taimen, humpback and sturgeon, starlet and trout. With its wonderful banks it is remarkably plentiful and beautiful.
You will be offered excursions down the Yenisei in region’s cities. This is a unique opportunity to get acquainted with grand Siberian nature, to cross the region north to south (from the Sayans to Taymyr), to visit famous cities and villages on the Yenisei’s banks: Yeniseisk, Vorogovo, Turukhansk; to cross rifts: Kazachinsky and Osinovsky - Yenisei’s famous “cheeks”; to see the mouth of the Stony Tunguska, in the basin of which is the Tungussky meteoritic stone water impact; to cross the polar circle. You can also visit the polar region’s cities: Igarka with an only of its kind Deep Frozen Soil Museum and Dudinka – the centre of the Taymar AD.
Krasnoyarsk city is the capital of Krasnoyarsk region. The word “Krasnoyarsk” comes from a fortress’s early name “Krasnyj (Red)” and a later name “Krasnyj Yar” (Red Steep Bank), meaning “red, beautiful”+ “ravine, jaded, steep bank”. In total it is a beautiful, bright, especial, remarkable place.
Siberia had been known for long but its reclamation began with Ermak. Siberia was attractive with its fauna and hence expensive furs – that time currency. Expansion on the east was rather calm and quiet, but the south was inhabited with numerous and militant tribes. A burg south and up the Yenisei’s stream was necessary for protection.
Because of the place’s beauty and red soil on Yenisei’s high left bank A. Dubensky called this burg Red, contrary to the toponymy tradition of giving names, according to which the burg was supposed to be named Kachinsky. So, on the 6th of August 1628 there appeared a city on the Yenisei’s bank at the Red Steep Bank – Krasnoyarsk. Voluntarily or not, but the burg’s foundation date turned out a very field day – it is the holiday of the Transfiguration of the Savior.
Krasnoyarsk suffered several fires. The most destroying were the fires of 1735, 1773 and 1881. During the fire of 1773 almost the whole Krasnoyarsk, including the burg, was burnt. There remained 30 out of 350 houses. Even copper money melted in the Transfiguration cathedral church, but the church’s icon of the Transfiguration of the Savior remained safe. The icon was made by Siberian artists to the city’s 100th anniversary. There is a tale that city’s people made a religious procession with the icon during the fire and the fire stopped.
Krasnoyarsk obtained a city status in 1690, when Siberia was finally conjoint to Russia. The city became the centre of the Yenisejsk guberniya in 1882 and in 1886 the city was crossed with a Trans Siberian line, contributed to Krasnoyarsk development.
Krasnoyarsk outskirts landscape is very picturesque. The city is stretched on the Yenisei both banks – one of the biggest rivers in the Euro-Asian continent – and surrounded with the forest covered mountain chain. There is a state nature reserve “Stoops” in the city’s outskirts. This unique nature monument is stretched on the Yenisei’s right bank in the Eastern ayans’ burgs on the total area of 47 000 ha. It is a citizen’s favourite rest place.
One of the main city’s attractions is krasnoyrskie (Red steep bank’s) bridges. A railway bridge across the Yenisei, built in 1899 by an engineer E.K. Knoppe as per the design of a Russian engineer L.D.Proskuraykov, got a golden medal as the most outstanding engineering achievement in a world’s exhibition in Paris in 1900. The Eiffel Tower got the same award. Unique bridges across the river were also built by the contemporaries. A 2100 – meter public bridge was put in commission in 1961. The Oktybrsky Railway Bridge turned out to be more grandeur, built in 1986: it is more than 5000 m long by the wide of 41 m.