The Kamchatka Peninsula is located on the extreme North-East of Russia. It occupies the territory of 472,300 square kilometers. One should keep in mind, that Kamchatka Is located not far from North America, Japan and some distant areas of the Pacific Region. This is approximately twice the size of the United Kingdom and 1,5 times larger than Japan.
The population density of the towns Petropavlovsk and Yelizovo is approximately 1 person per 4,5 square kilometers.
There are 14,100 small and large rivers. The length of most of them reaches 10 km (5,5 miles). 105 rivers have a length of more than 100 km (55,5 miles). Due to swift currents and absence of frozen soil nearly all rivers are partly or fully open in winter. Besides, there are over 100,000 large and small lakes.
Kamchatka has 29 active and nearly 160 extinct volcanoes. Most of them are located along the Eastern ocean shore. Here, one can meet volcano-giants such as the largest active volcano in Eurasia - Klyuchevskaya Sopka (4,850 m). The natural satellites of volcanoes are numerous mud springs, geysers and hot mineral springs. There are 414 glaciers in Kamchatka with the total volume of 871,100 square kilometers.
The climate of Kamchatka is varied and unstable. The ocean shore areas of the peninsula have a maritime climate, whereas climate in central and northern regions is continental. The highest temperatures, up to +37o C, are observed in August in central parts of the peninsula. The average amount of precipitation is 50 to 100 cm.
More than a hundred of monuments attract tourists and are under protection in the region. Among them are “Stone woodpile” on the volcano “Nameless”, “Intrusion of Camels”, “Kamchatka’s pearl on the Valuj River”, “Caldera of the Ksudach volcano”, “Crateral Lake of the volcano Malyj Semyachek”, “Nalychevsk Hot Springs”, “Bakening volcano Lakes”, “Cliffs Three Brothers” in Avachunsky Gulf and other.
There are over 75 federal and regional protected territories in Kamchatka. These are natural parks and reserves: landscapes, biological, zoological, - where any activity, besides tourism, is forbidden.
A natural park “Nalychevo” is situated south-east on the peninsula. A lot of exceptional, high-valuable objects of nature are situated within the territory of 300 thousand ha. Nalychevo natural park’s territory has a very complicated geological aspect and the most interesting history of hydrothermal and volcano-magmatic activity. A vast valley of the Nalychevo River is surrounded with mountains. There are four active volcanoes among the mountains: Avachinki, Koryak, Dzendzur and Zhupanovski.
Dzendzur volcano is the most western volcano in a row of Dzendzur-Zhupanovski group.
The volcano is greatly demolished and forms a massif stretched north-west. Its crater is an icy kar and the volcano itself is asymmetrical. Regional and Dzendzur thermal springs are near the volcano. A depth of the volcano is characterized by hydrothermal activity. Probability of eruption is low and the volcano constitutes no threat for the locals.
Zhupanovski volcano is located in the south-eastern volcanic belt of Kamchatka. It represents the eastern part of Dzendzur-Zhupanovski volcanic crest formed by four merged cones of stratovolcanoes similar in age and composition. Altitude height of the lowest western cone if 2505 a.s.l., of the highest eastern – 2958 a.s.l. Relative height of the volcano is 2300-2400 meters. Chain of cones is stretched for 6 km.
Thermal springs of Nalychevo hollow
There are several kinds of hot (14- 75°Ñ) and cold thermal springs in the head of the Nalychevo river. Nalychev, Talovye, Shaibnye, Kraevedcheskie, Dzendzur, Shumslie springs and Aagskie and Koryak cold mineral springs are the most popular thermal springs. The waters of the largest Nalychevo hot springs are of very rare type. There are 7 groups of thermal springs in Nalychevo hollow. All of them are located in the basin of the Pravaya (Right) Nalychevo River, about 60 km of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.
Contemporary volcanic landscapes and ancient glacial, peculiar climate conditions of the Nalycheva River valley specify wildlife rich in species. Vegetation formed in thermal reservoirs and near them is of special interest. Because of active balneological development of thermo-mineral springs it is endangered at Kamchatka. Erman birch forests, common for Kamchatka, are unique there, near thermal springs, as they are uncommon for the area. Brown bear is the biggest among 33 kinds of mammal species affecting the territory. Slopes of volcanoes and cliffs of Nalychev cape are the places of inhabitance of big-horn sheep listed in the Red Book. There are 145 kinds of birds (including 90 nested) and 6 of them are listed in the Red Book: pacific brant goose, Stellar’s sea eagle, white-tailed eagle, gerfalcon, peregrine falcon, golden eagle. All kinds of Pacific salmon spawn in the Nalychevo river and its feeders. The park is the mpost popular and available place of rest for the locals.
A famous geyser valley, where you can also find thermal lakes, mineral springs and waterfalls, is situated in Kronotsky natural reserve. Plenty of cold and hot lakes are in caldera of the Uzon volcano – a bowl with sides of 200-900m height. Its total square is 30 km2. Rare species, which inhabite the natural reserve territory, are sable and true bear.
The north of the Region is deep-frozen soil, where more than 400 glaciers are located. The major part of central and southern parts is covered with extremely uncommon birch and coniferous forests. The Kamchatka Region is abundant with water resources. That’s why fishing is so developed here. The Region is washed with the Pacific Ocean, Okhotskoe and Berengovoe Seas. Fish resources are region's agricultural, attracting tourist-fishermen.
Come to the Kamchatka Region and you will find yourself in vast spaces of wild nature. This is a perfect region for ecological tourism and active rest. The Kamchatka region won’t leave untouched calm respose lovers either.
Valley of geysers
Though this pearl of Kamchatka was discovered already in 1941, it has remained in its primeval state due to its inaccessibility and farness. The Valley of geysers will meet tourists with streams of whirling steam, sparkling rain of coloured splashes and heavenly delight. There are more than 40 geysers scattered for 50 km along the river Geysernaya. Every geyser is unique and flows naturally every certain period of time. All of them have names and the biggest is called Velikan (Giant) and it is about 30-40 meters high. The Valley of Geysers at Kamchatka has no match in beauty, magnificent scenery and number of flowing geysers located within the territory. Words are but wind, but seeing is believing.
Dog Sledding in central Kamchatka
We invite you to participate in a trip, during which you will have a unique opportunity to visit Esso settlement, the center of Even culture, learn how to ride dog sleds and feel yourself a real aboriginal. This is the best way to experience the beauty of untouched land, feel fresh and frosty air and get closer to nature. The dog team will rush you along the pristine landscapes of central Kamchatka to reindeer herders, where you will be able to contact with indigenous culture of the Even people, their ancient history, and traditional way of nomadic life, staying away from any signs of civilization and close to the exquisite nature. As a guest you will enjoy the expert help of our professional dogsledding guides who will take care of you in every possible way and lead each trip, teaching you to harness your dogs and steer the sled. They will give you tips on staying warm and comfortable in this winter climate. Each of the hardworking sled dogs in your team has a unique personality you won't be able to resist.
Hiking and Sport Skiing
Recreational resources, together with various types of relaxation-fishing, hunting, picking wild berries and muchrooms, contrasting and diverse landscapes, and therapeutic resources-allow you to organize year round hiking and skiing routes for every taste and skill level.
Kamchatka ideally suits the needs of mountain skiers. There is an opportunity for training, easy learning, and extreme downhill runs all year round. Moany of the slopes of the volcanoes have snow that does not melt in summer. Often, summer downhill runs impress the imagination of tourists and mountain skiers. And it is not surprising: imagine a fast flight down the snow with the burning wind, and fields of rhododendrons at the finish that stretch their gentle petals towards the victor.
This tour is for those who love risky routes but dislike mountain climbing. Any time of the year, helicopters will bring a tour group to the volcano from which you can ski down. This downhill skiing is made possible under the guidance of experienced skiing instructors.
Mountaineering, Mountain Climbing
Mountain Tourism Peaks of the mountains that are suitable for mountain climbing are spread all over the territory of the region, starting with the three "domestic" vocanos, located 25 km away from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, and up to the highest peak in the North, Kluchevsky Volcano (4, 750 m). Kamchatka mountains can satisfy any wishing of this type of sport recreation, from those of novice sportsmen to the complicated mountain climbing routes. In Kamchatka, it is possible to climb mountains during post seasons of the year. Many mountains are accessible by car.
Sport Rafting on the Rivers
In Kamchatka you will find a large number of rivers rich in fish, mountain relief and flat valleys, contrasting landscapes, waterfalls and rapids. Everything that might be interesting for lovers of water tourism can be found here. Here you can also find water routes of any skill level. Kamchatka rivers flow down to the Seredinny Ridge and from there to the Pacific Ocean and Okhotsk Sea. They are short in length, with the exception of the Kamchatka River that extends a quarter of the total length of peninsula.
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is situated in one of the most picturesque bays - Avichinskaya - not only in Kamchatka, but in the whole world as well. It was discovered in 1703 by Russian Cossacks with Rodion Presenetsov in the head. In 1725, by order of Peter I. The first Kamchatka expedition, which lasted till 1730, was organized. But its main goal – to reach Amerika – failed. In 1733-1743 the second Kamchatka expedition was organized, for which a good foundation was necessary. Avichinskaya Bay was the choice.
The foundation date is the 17th of October 1740 – the date of captain V. Bering coming to the bay. In the summer of 1741 the ships of V. Bering “St. Apostol Peter” and A. Chirikov “St. Apostol Pavel” set off to the banks of Amerika. The expedition was successfully performed.
Population on the bank of Avachinskaya Bay wasn’t developed for a long time. It was just in 1700 when foreign ships entered the bay. The first period of Kamchatka developing began with the start of the 19th century. Due to favourable geographical position Avachinskaya bay became the ground for Russian world tours. On the 14th of July 1804 a sloop “Nadezhda” (“Hope”) under Ivan Fyodorovitch Krusenshtern entered the bay. The sloop with a sloop “Neva” circumnavigated the globe.
Krusenshtern was especially concerned about Kamchatka’s fate. He initiated a project on Kamchatka’s management transformation. According to the project, Petropavlovskaya Bay became an administrative centre of Kamchatka. In 1822 a settlement around the bay was transformed into a city named Petrapavlovsky port.
A built in 1850 Petropavlovsky lighthouse was the first lighthouse on Russian coast of the Pacific Ocean and was a guiding line for ships. The lighthouse, made of cast iron in 1897, has been active up to now.
Contemporary Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is the capital of the Kamchatka Region and the tourist centre with splendid landscape. There opens a view of the world’s known volcanoes from the city. It is the most northern non-freezing port in Russia. It attracts Russian and foreign tourists’ attention from year to year.